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Four Divisions of Power

Four Divisions of Power It is a balance of both soft/circular principles and hard/linear principles of movement in four divisions.

Nae Gong (Inner Power)
Wae Gong (External Power)
Shin Gong (Mental Power)
Moo Gi Gong (Weapon Power)

Nae Gong (Inner Power)

Nae Gong deals with one's internal energy (Ki power) development, control and direction, through both passive (um) and active (yang) methods. Ki power development is taught via specialized breathing and meditation exercises in conjunction with specific physical exercises. The practitioner learns to develop, harness, and apply this human energy resources at will. Initially studied for health purposes and for use in the battlefield; at more advance levels this power can be controlled in conjunction with mental processes and can be extended from one individual to another for healing as well as combative applications. This internal energy is found in all living creatures, yet in the disciplined study of Hwa Rang Do® one can learn to develop this power for truly outstanding displays of human energy and will, extending previously conceived limitations to unlimited possibilities. There are five different senses of Ki which can be developed after you practice Hwa Rang Do's® Ki (power) development exercises:

Kyung Ki - making the body light
Jung Ki - making the body heavy
Chyel Ki - making the body hard as steel
Ma Ki - making the body numb
Shin Ki - increasing mental concentration and awareness

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Wae Gong (External Power)

Wae Gong takes its form in over 4,000 offensive and defensive combative applications found within the art and is the externalization of Nae Gong. Most martial arts are either tense and linear in their orientation or are soft and circular. Hwa Rang Do® combines both elements to form a natural and compatible combative system.

This phase of instruction includes all forms of:

These applications are taught in their combative form, yet with full control in order to minimize danger to the student. By practicing these diverse aspects, one can regain and maintain health through physical exercise while learning to control any antagonist with one movement. Hwa Rang Do® techniques are implemented to the degree a particular situation dictates, applying a particular degree of response for each incremental escalation of force. Within this division of Wae Kong you can find over 4,000 techniques in Hwa Rang Do®. These 4,000 techniques have both practical effective ways and artistic ways of execution. So it requires tremendous concentration and a good memory to learn this curriculum. Even though there are so many techniques, they are mostly designed so that it is easy for a physically weaker individual to perform them on a stronger opponent. So anyone from 3-year-old children to 80-year-old adults can learn them.

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Shin Gong (Mental Power)

Shin Gong is the study, development, and control of the human mind in order to attain one's full potential and mental capabilities. Techniques are taught to achieve an increase in one's total awareness, focus, and concentration levels.

This realm includes instruction in:

These powers and more lie within the potentials of every human being and can be developed and utilized through the proper training methods.

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Moo Gi Gong (Weapon Power)

Development of mastery of external objects. There are over 108 different weapons found in Hwa Rang Do®. These weapons are divided into 20 different categories:

  1. Cutting Weapons
  2. Slicing Weapons
  3. Chopping Weapons
  4. Stabbing Weapons
  5. Throwing Weapons
  6. Striking Weapons
  7. Grappling Weapons
  8. Shooting Weapons
  9. Blowing Weapons
  10. Hammering Weapons
  11. Stick Weapons
  12. Sectioned Weapons
  13. Linked Weapons
  14. Fan Weapons
  15. Cane Weapons
  16. Ball or Round Weapons
  17. Spear Weapons
  18. Pin or Needle Weapons
  19. Sling Weapons
  20. Disk Weapons

Weapon techniques was traditionally kept secret for fear that the enemy might learn counter techniques and would recognize the strategy of attack as soon as he saw the kind of weapon drawn. But if he were unfamiliar with the weapon and the technique, it would give the defender a crucial edge at times when life could depend on a single movement. For that reason, weapon practice was always done in private and the instruction given only to the most trusted and loyal disciples. However, by studying the 20 types of weapons, it is possible to master all 108.

At the West Coast Headquarters, we train essentially in three weapons, which we feel give the best overall understanding of weaponry of old and modern era. The Jang Bong (long staff - stick weapons), Ssang Jyel Bong (twin sticks with rope - jointed weapons), and the Jang Kum (the sword - cutting weapons). After the mastery of these three, then we further add the variety of weapons and practice actual fighting with them in our Kumdo Class.

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Theory    


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